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Gallica

Gallica is the digital library of the National Library of France and its partners. Online since 1997, it is enriched every week by thousands of new products and now offers access to several million documents.

In the initial project of "library of a new genre" called by François Mitterrand in 1988, multimedia technologies are in the spotlight. A virtual library project, accessible from the reading rooms of the Library, is then envisaged: the aim is to offer readers, on computer-assisted reading stations, a set of copyright-free and copyright-free documents. "Virtual library of the honest man" (a volume of 100,000 titles and 300,000 images was planned for the public opening of the site François-Mitterrand). The parallel emergence of the Web and its rapid democratization in the mid-1990s changed the initial project: the online library of the BnF will be accessible to everyone everywhere. The possibility of putting digitized collections online makes it necessary to rethink the corpus of documents concerned as a function of legal constraints: only copyright-free works will be available in the digital library (more than a third of the documentary selections envisaged are thus removed from the list). project, because under rights). At the end of 1997, Gallica opens its doors to the virtual public of the Web. It then offers access to a few thousand texts accessible only in image mode. In the following years, the digitization of documents continues to put on line documents representative of the national heritage as well as documents belonging to specific documentary projects; the consideration of media other than the book is done gradually.

In 2000, a new version of Gallica was born: there are now also accessible images and documents in text mode. There is a gradual consolidation of several thematic files offering structured courses within digitized collections (cartographic access, chronological, thematic lists), such as Utopie (2000), Travel in France (2001), Travel in Africa (2002), etc.

In 2004, the first documentary charter specifies this evolution of the collections: the approximately 100,000 printed documents, 80,000 images and 30 hours of sound then available in Gallica are part of a dominant discipline in History, Literature, Science and Technology. Largely French-speaking, these royalty-free resources offer a wide variety of media (books, magazines, newspapers, scores, prints, maps, photographs, sound recordings) and range from Antiquity to the first half of the 20th century, with a strong presence of documents published in the nineteenth century. Organized around significant corpora and ambitious digitization programs, such as the one of the press initiated in 2005, the increase of digital collections also relies on partnerships with other libraries.

In January 2005 in Le Monde , Jean-Noël Jeanneney launches the project of a European digital library to respond to Google Books, which inaugurates an acceleration in the development of Gallica and a change of scale and pace of digitization. Starting in 2006, several separate digitization markets were launched (national press in 2005, books and magazines in 2007, at a rate of 100,000 digitized prints in image mode and in text mode per year). In 2006, the documents available in Gallica benefit from long-term referencing with the ARK link. In 2007, the Europeana prototype is launched, and serves as a base for the new version of Gallica put online at the end of the same year.

A digitization market dedicated to precious and specialized documents (manuscripts, maps and plans, prints, photographs, posters, scores, sound documents, documents from the Rare Book Reserve) is launched in 2010. Between 2010 and 2014, Gallica goes from 1 to 3 million documents. The first editorial pages appear in 2013, around the press collections. Several hundred pages structured by types of documents, themes or geographical area are now accessible from the "Collections" button.

In September 2015, the complete overhaul of Gallica is complete, and a new version of the site is launched.

4,538
RESULTS
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PART OF
European Libraries
Media Type
4,538
texts
Year
36
1925
30
1912
30
1900
30
1894
32
1893
38
1889
More right-solid
Topics & Subjects
26
Paris)
23
France. Peinture. Généralités
23
France. Sculpture et gravure. XVIIIe-XIXe s
19
Salons. XVIIe-XIXe s
13
France -- 1814-1830 (Restauration)
10
Corse (France)
More right-solid
Collection
Language
3,674
French
238
English
17
Danish
17
Polish
11
Catalan
8
German
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SHOW DETAILS
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Title
Date Published
Creator
Contient une table des matières
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : PatGourm
Topic: Cuisine française
[Undine (français)]
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1938]
Topics: Art sassanide -- Catalogues d'exposition, Art islamique -- Iran -- Catalogues d'exposition
[Bible (français). 1866]
[Gulliver's travels (français)]
[Peter Pan in Kensington gardens (français)]
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : PatGourm
Topics: Aliments, Diététique -- Ouvrages de référence
[Bible (français). 1866]
[Alice's adventures in Wonderland (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 18
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Sahara, Algérie (1830-1962), France -- Colonies
Collection : Bibliothèque de l'enseignement des beaux-arts
Topic: Architecture gothique
[Le côté de Guermantes (français). Extrait]
[Roman de Renart (français). adaptation. 1909]
[Grammaire égyptienne (français)]
Avec mode texte
[Orlando furioso (français)]
Contient une table des matières
Avec mode texte
Topic: Littérature érotique française -- 18e siècle
[A midsummer night's dream (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 14
favorite 0
comment 0
[Ubu roi (français)]
Comprend : Les cris de Paris..
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : PatGourm
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1982]
Topics: Biblioteca di disegni (collection de monographies) -- Catalogues d'exposition, Dessin -- Italie --...
[Les chants de Maldoror (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 13
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 13
favorite 0
comment 0
Avec mode texte
Topic: Littérature érotique anglaise -- 1900-1945
Contient une table des matières
Topics: Villard de Honnecourt -- Oeuvres -- Dessin, Manuscrits français -- Fac-similés, Manuscrits...
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
[Les épaves (français)]
Topic: Poésie érotique française -- 19e siècle
[Contes drôlatiques (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Topic: Hume, David (1711-1776) -- Critique et interprétation
Gallica
texts
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
[Le ventre de Paris (français)]
Contient une table des matières
Topic: Congrès international de médecine
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : MidiPyren1
Topics: Architecture médiévale -- France (sud) -- Actes de congrès, Architecture domestique -- France...
Gallica
texts
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Contient une table des matières
Topics: Prestidigitation, Physique -- Jeux, Physique -- Expériences
[Le superbe Orénoque (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 12
favorite 0
comment 0
Collection : Dictionnaires biographiques départementaux ; 52
Topics: Biographies -- Dictionnaires, Deux-Sèvres (France), Deux-Sèvres (France) -- Biographies
[Don Quijote de la Mancha (français)]
Contient une table des matières
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1970]
Topic: Chagall, Marc (1887-1985) -- Oeuvres -- Gravure -- Catalogues d'exposition
Gallica
texts
eye 11
favorite 0
comment 0
[Histoire de l'architecture (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 11
favorite 0
comment 0
Collection : Bibliothèque des curieux
Collection : Bibliothèque de l'enseignement des beaux-arts
Topic: Architecture romane
Gallica
texts
eye 11
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Topic: Robespierre
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : IledeFr1
Topic: Provins (Seine-et-Marne)
Avec mode texte
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1966]
Topics: Architecture -- France -- Paris (France) -- Histoire -- Catalogues d'exposition, Paris (France) --...
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : UnivJeun0
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1957]
Topic: Heine, Heinrich (1797-1856) -- Catalogues d'exposition
Contient une table des matières
Topics: Yoga -- Étude et enseignement, Sādhus
[Exposition. 1995-]
Topics: Guerre mondiale (1939-1945) -- Mouvements de résistance -- France -- Haute-Savoie (France) --...
Gallica
texts
eye 11
favorite 0
comment 0
Collection : Bibliothèque d'éducation et de récréation
[Exposition. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale. 1968]
Topic: Claudel, Paul (1868-1955) -- Catalogues d'exposition
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
Titre original : The little duke
Contient une table des matières
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Topic: Ecole polytechnique -- Histoire
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : PoitouCh1
Avec mode texte
Avec mode texte
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : RhoneAlp1
Topics: Eglise catholique, Moutiers (Savoie)
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
[Les trophées (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 10
favorite 0
comment 0
Contient une table des matières
Topic: Regnault, Henri (1843-1871)
Avec mode texte
Gallica
texts
eye 9
favorite 0
comment 0
[Les essais (français)]
Gallica
texts
eye 9
favorite 0
comment 0
Appartient à l’ensemble documentaire : RCorse1
Topics: Sardaigne (Italie), Corse (France)